Read the latest in Beauty News from our professional therapists at Complete Skin & Beauty.

What is Acne?

Almost everyone in their lifetime has had issues with acne of some type. With a lot of contradicting and confusing information on this skin concern, it is no wonder some people can feel helpless, and unsure on the best way to treat it. To find out what you should be doing we need to first determine the type of acne you are experiencing. There are various forms and categorisations of acne, but how do you figure out what type you have, and what could be causing it? It is important to understand the types of acne first, so that the correct treatment plan can be recommended for you. 

Types of Acne

  • Open comedones or blackheads form from a buildup of excess oil and dead skin. Unlike closed comedones, oxygen can penetrate these causing them to turn black, which is where the name ‘blackheads’ comes from. These are small black bumps that form superficially on the face and body. 
  • Closed comedones or whiteheads form from a buildup of dead skin, oil and dirt that is trapped under a layer of keratin which oxygen cannot penetrate so they remain white. These are small hard bumps that form superficially on the face and body.
  • Pustules form from a buildup of bacteria, excess oil and dead skin that becomes trapped in the follicle. These are small yellow/white bumps that have fluid/pus in them, they form slightly deeper in the skin and can develop on the face and body.
  • Papules form from the buildup of dead skin and excess oil causing an inflamed and red lump. These don’t have fluid/puss and are normally red or purple in colour, they form slightly deeper within the skin and can develop on the face and body. They are often labelled as ‘blind pimples’.
  • Cysts form from the buildup of dead skin, excess oil and bacteria. This causes a painful, inflamed, red lump to form. They will have thick fluid/puss that sits deep within the follicle which can cause scarring, these can develop on the face and body.
  • Nodules form very deep within the follicle from bacteria, excess oil and dead skin. These are very painful, inflamed lumps that can cause scarring if not treated correctly. These can develop on the face and body but need to be treated by a dermatologist.

This image provides a visual representation of the 6 types.

What Causes Acne?

Below is a list of the common causes of acne:

  • Hormones
  • Excess sebum or unhealthy sebum production
  • Bacteria which leads to infection
  • Medications like androgens, corticosteroids, or lithium can make acne worse.
  • Diet: dairy, sweets, rice, bread, potatoes, and pasta.
  • Genes
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Change in hormones during puberty and pregnancy
  • Poor skincare choices

 To find out which are the main contributors to your breakout, we recommend visiting the salon for a thorough Skin Consultation with one of our experienced Skin Specialists. Skin Consultations are vital to the successful treatment of your skin and allow the therapist to discuss your medical history and lifestyle influences to determine the best course of action. Your therapist will also discuss the cause in greater detail so that you can understand how your acne formulation is being influenced and what you can do to reduce it. 

Treatment Recommendations

Depending on the type of acne we will personalise a treatment plan for you and an at-home skincare plan to reduce spots and clear the skin.

LED light therapy

LED light therapy is an advanced skin treatment that will calm and reduce acne within the skin. Blue light is antiseptic which means it will reduce acne-causing bacteria and is used in conjunction with red light to accelerate wound healing and reduce any inflammation caused by acne.

Anti-Acne Professional Peel

Anti-acne peel is personalised by the type of acne you are experiencing, depending on where the acne is sitting within the skin these peels will work to remove excess oil, dead skin buildup and acne causing bacteria in combination with a calming, anti-inflammatory mask that will reduce the chances of scarring.


Acnelan is designed for severe cystic acne to intense breakouts. The skin is deeply cleaned, and pores cleared with a multi-factor mask. This mask contains a unique blend of active ingredients which work to remove excess oil, bacteria, gently exfoliate and reduce inflammation. 3 treatments are required to obtain optimum results.

Skin Needling

Skin needling creates small micro-channels promoting the production of collagen and elastin to assist with acne scarring and enlarged pores. This treatment is for clients who have resolved acne and want to treat scarring focus on a clear, bright complexion. 

Carbon Laser

Carbon laser is an advanced, painless, non-invasive treatment that targets blemishes, open and closed comedones in acneic skin as well as offering intense skin rejuvenation that refines pore size and gives the appearance of porcelain skin.

Product Recommendations

Gentle Antioxidant Cleanser

A gentle daily facial cleanser strengthened with powerful antioxidants. Fortified with anti-pollutant boosters that trap and remove dirt and excess sebum. V8 Peptide Complex leaves the skin super hydrated and refreshed.

Corrective Cleanser & Peel

A corrective cleanser and mild peel in one which purifies and thoroughly cleanse your skin of embedded dirt, makeup, excess sebum and damaging pollutants. High powered L-Lactic and encapsulated Salicylic Acids gently exfoliate dead skin cells, unplugging congested pores and discouraging impurities.

3 in 1 Fruit Peel Mask

An ideal at home exfoliation step for all skins, utilising an 18% enzyme blend of Mango, Pomegranate and Papaya to digest redundant cells revealing a smooth, radiant complexion.

Potent Retinol Serum

100% pure, bioactive retinol in micro-encapsulation technology ensures superior stability and potency. This serum will correct DNA damage caused by acne, increase cell turnover which will lighten pigment caused by acne scarring.

B3 Plus

B3 Plus improves skin’s immune function, evens out skin tone and improves clarity. B3 will reduce inflammation, redness and rebuild the barrier function reducing acne causing bacteria.

Vitamin C & Hemp Seed Oil

Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate at 10% is the highest dose available before a prescription to support collagen synthesis, lighten scarring, even out skin tone and reduce inflammation. Hemp Seed Oil is the perfect moisturizing and nourishing carrier, suitable for the most compromised and oily skins

EFA’s Complex

O EFA’s Max Complex 1000mg contains natural Essential Fatty Acids, Omegas 3, 6 & 9 and Gamma-Linolenic Acid (GLA). This powerful antioxidant improves general well-being, increases hydration to the skin, relieves symptoms of compromised skin, regulates oil and reduces acne.

Rebalancing Cream

This lightweight, oil-free lotion offers a unique blend of ingredients designed specifically for problematic skin. Targeting bacteria and excessive sebum production on the skin’s surface, daily application will aid in improving the skin’s condition.

If you are struggling daily with acne, allow us to help! You don't need to live with sore, inflammed and irritated skin. Book in for a complimentary Skin Consultation where we can assess your skin and determine the best course of action to reveal a clear, fresh, rejuvenated complexion and improve your overall skin health. Find your nearest Salon location here.

Tegan has been in the beauty industry for 6 years and has recently enrolled to do her graduate diploma of dermal science. She has a passion for all things advanced skin and eyelash extensions. Her goal is to educate her clients on their skin whilst helping  them achieve their skin goals, so when they leave the salon you can see the confidence radiating off them. When she isn't in the salon she is either travelling with her partner or hanging out with friends and family. 

Complete Skin & Beauty Bendigo